Smollett, Tobias George

(1721-1771)
   Scottish poet, the son of Sir James of Bonhill, Dumbartonshire, he attended Glasgow University and was an apprenticed surgeon. He left the university in 1739 without a degree and in 1740 was commissioned surgeon's second mate in the Royal Navy on HMS Chichester and saw action in the West Indies. In London he set up as a surgeon on Downing Street, Westminster, where he wrote his famous poem "The Tears of Scotland" memorializing the Battle of Culloden, 1746. In 1750 he obtained the degree of M.D. from Marischal College, Aberdeen. He died at his villa in Leghorn, Italy, where he was buried. His novels made him famous and financially secure. Two of them are The Adventures of Roderick Random (1748) and The Adventures of Sir Launcelot Greaves (1762), which was serialized in The British Magazine, of which Smollett became editor in 1760. He also wrote the Complete History of England (1757-1758) and Travels Through France and Italy (1766). Some of his poems: "A Pastoral Ballad," "Adieu, Ye Streams That Smoothly Flow," "Advice: A Satire," "Burlesque Ode," "Come, Listen Ye Students of Ev'ry Degree," "Independence," "Thy Fatal Shafts Unerring Move."
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. Microsoft Encarta 2006 (DVD). Microsoft Corporation, 2006. The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Book of Eighteenth Century Verse. David Nichol Smith, ed. Oxford University Press, 1926. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. The Works of Tobias Smollett: Poems, Plays, and the Briton. University of Georgia Press, 1993.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Smollett,Tobias George — Smol·lett (smŏlʹĭt), Tobias George. 1721 1771. British writer known for his adventure novels, such as Roderick Random (1748) and Peregrine Pickle (1751). * * * …   Universalium

  • Smollett, Tobias (George) — (bautizado el 19 mar. 1721, Cardross, Dumbartonshire, Escocia–17 sep. 1771, cerca de Livorno, Toscana). Novelista satírico inglés. Durante toda su vida Smollett combinó sus vocaciones de médico y escritor. Se lo recuerda especialmente por sus… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Smollett, Tobias (George) — (baptized March 19, 1721, Cardross, Dumbartonshire, Scot. died Sept. 17, 1771, near Livorno, Tuscany) English satirical novelist. Throughout his life Smollett combined the roles of medical man and writer. He is best known for his novels,… …   Universalium

  • Smollett, Tobias George — ► (1721 71) Novelista escocés. Autor de Las aventuras de Roderick Random (1748) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SMOLLETT, TOBIAS GEORGE —    novelist, born at Dalquhurn, Dumbartonshire, of good family; bred to medicine, but drifted to literature, in prosecution of which he set out to London at the age of 18; his first effort was a failure; he took an appointment as a surgeon s mate …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Smollett, Tobias George — (1721 1771)    Novelist, 2nd s. of Archibald S., of Dalquhurn, Dumbartonshire, and ed. at Glasgow, proceeded to London in 1739 with the view of having a tragedy, The Regicide, put on the stage, in which, however, he failed. In this disappointment …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Tobias George Smollett — Tobias Smollett, um 1770 Tobias George Smollett (* 19. März 1721 in Dalquhurn, West Dunbartonshire, Schottland; † 17. September 1771 in Livorno, Italien) war ein schottischer Schriftsteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Smollett, Tobias — ▪ Scottish novelist in full  Tobias George Smollett  baptized March 19, 1721, Cardross, Dumbartonshire, Scot. died Sept. 17, 1771, near Livorno, Tuscany [Italy]  Scottish satirical novelist, best known for his picaresque novels (picaresque novel) …   Universalium

  • Tobias George Smollett — noun Scottish writer of adventure novels (1721 1771) • Syn: ↑Smollett, ↑Tobias Smollett • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author …   Useful english dictionary

  • Smollett — Smollett, Tobias George …   Enciclopedia Universal

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